Working Life

Modern societies are constantly challenged to adapt their workforce to demographic and technological changes. Although this adaptation was previously achieved through generational change—whereby older workers retired and younger, better-educated workers replaced them—this process is now becoming insufficient. Workers should continue to update their skills, older workers should remain in the workforce longer, and unemployed individuals should be re-integrated into labour markets (Blossfeld et al., 2014).

In this collection, comparable norms regulating working life are presented, with a focus on the following fields:


Find more about the policies in:


Blossfeld, H.P., Kilpi-Jakonen, E., Vono de Vilhena, D. and Buchholz, S. (2014). Adult Learning in Modern Societies. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

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