Asylum & Refugees

According to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, a refugee is someone who has fled his or her country for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. This section presents a collection of the norms affecting the rights of asylum-seekers (someone who has not yet been granted refugee status) and the acquisition of refugee status. 

Here you will find standardised information about policy changes in this field over time. It is important to note, however, that our focus is on more far-reaching reforms. Information on smaller policy modifications, may not be found in this collection.

The data for this section were generously provided by the Collaborative SSH-FP7 project Temporary versus Permanent Migration - TEMPER (

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