1990 - Act on General Ordering of the Education System (1/1990)

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This reform comprises several changes, including the extension of free and compulsory education (from six to 16 years of age) and pre-school or infant education (up to six years of age). Pre-school education is defined by two age groups or levels: up to age three and from age three to six. Although pre-school education was still voluntary, this is the first reform after the Franco’s regime which defined pre-school education as an active educational period rather than a passive container of the educational process, thus giving increasing importance to childcare. The reform stated that public authorities should guarantee the existence of a sufficient number of places to ensure the education of three to six year old children upon request. Education is free of cost and compulsory between the ages of six and 16 years.