1984 - Act on Child Custody and Right of Access 361/1983

Policy Field: 
Family & Children
Major Implications of the Reform: 

The custody of a child is no longer dependent on whether the parents are married, cohabiting, or divorced. According to the act, custody is decided upon by the parents. If agreement is not possible, the court will decide upon the custody and right of access taking the best interests and wishes of the child into consideration. Prior to the act, cohabiting parents could not have joint custody of a child. Married parents had joint custody, and in case of divorce, the court could order only one of the parents to have custody.