Percentage of persons (aged 50-74) reporting a colorectal cancer screening in the past 2 years, whose highest completed level of education is ISCED class 0, 1 or 2

Description: 

The indicator on colon cancer screening is the proportion of persons aged 50-74 who reported having undergone a colorectal cancer screening test within the past two years. The colorectal cancer screening test consists of a faecal occult blood test (FOBT) or stool test.
Following a gentlemen's agreement, Eurostat collected data from 17 Member States and 2 other countries* who conducted a first wave of the European Health Interview Survey (EHIS) between 2006 and 2009. The EHIS contains two questions on self-reported FOBT: 'Have you ever had a faecal occult blood test?' and 'When was the last time you had a faecal occult blood test? The 'Colon cancer screening' indicator gives the proportion of persons reporting to have undergone the test by answering 'Within the past 12 months' or 'More than 1 year, but not more than 2 years' to the EHIS question. Data is further broken down by gender and educational level. Eurostat foresees a second EHIS round under a legal basis around 2014.
Early detection of colorectal cancer through screening is a priority of the EU overall strategy on cancer. As set out in the Council Recommendation of 2 December 2003 on cancer screening, screening should be implemented through a systematic, population-based approach, with appropriate quality-assurance at all levels. For colorectal cancer screening, the test to be considered is the faecal occult blood test (FOBT) in men and women aged 50 to 74. Moreover, one of the objectives of the European Partnership for Action Against Cancer (EPAAC) is to achieve 100% population coverage of screening for breast, cervical and colorectal cancer, as set out in the Council Recommendation, by the end of the Partnership. The ‘Colon cancer screening’ indicator also belongs to the portfolio of health indicators for monitoring the European Strategy for social inclusion and social protection.
Colon cancer screening is a key indicator to consider as colorectal cancer is the third most frequent cancer among men and the second among women in the European Union. Colorectal cancer mortality can be reduced through screening from the age of 50.
* Nineteen countries have conducted the first collection of EHIS (collection round 2008):
2006: AT, EE
2007: SI - CH
2008: BE, BG, CZ, CY, FR, LV, MT, RO - TR
2009: DE, EL, ES, HU, PL, SK
(Source: Heidi Data Tool).

Years Covered: 
2008
Remarks: 
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