Incidence of listeriosis per 100,000 of population

Description: 

The indicator ‘Selected communicable diseases’ represents the incidence of selected communicable diseases, per 100,000 of population. Incidences are calculated for the following communicable Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Legionellosis, Mumps, Salmonellosis, Campylobacteriosis, Listeriosis, Chlamydia, Giardiasis, Invasive pneumococcal disease, Yersiniosis...
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) provides data on communicable diseases in its annual epidemiological report on surveillance data or through The European Surveillance System (TESSy) for nearly 50 diseases.
The ECDC reports confirmed cases, i.e. the notification rate per 100,000 of population and this is considered as a good proxy for incidence. However, in case of diseases with few symptoms, e.g. Chlamydia, people may not report to a doctor/nurse, and cases may be missed by routine surveillance systems. For such diseases the notification rate derived from routine surveillance systems will be much lower than the actual incidence rate.
Following ECDC methodology, the total number of confirmed new cases of a disease in a year, extracted from TESSy, is divided by the population on 1 January of each year (source: Eurostat). The calculated incidence is expressed per 100,000 of population.
The EU Member States and other European countries report their available data on communicable diseases as described in Decision No 2119/98/EC (as amended). Apart from routine surveillance, TESSy has replaced the data collection systems in place for the Dedicated Surveillance Networks (DSNs) to provide experts with a one-stop-shop for EU surveillance data. Prior to May 2005 when ECDC was established, there were 17 DSNs that collected data on a variety of diseases. All Member States submitted data individually to every DSN, using different file specifications. The Commission Decision 2002/253/EC of 19 March 2002 (as amended) lays down case definitions for reporting communicable diseases under Decision No 2119/98/EC.
Communicable diseases cause, or have the potential to cause, significant disease burden (morbidity and/or mortality). They are also diseases for which effective preventive measures are available with a protective health gain. Communicable diseases move across borders and therefore ask for sometimes rapid internationally based interventions (Source: ECHI European Core Health Indicators Data Tool, based on European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, ECDC).

Years Covered: 
1996 to 2009
Remarks: 
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